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In the last time we got questions regarding the current state of PLEV (see also http://www.ewheels.org/news/656/personal-light-electric-vehicle-plev-sta...) and what steps are needed to develop this standard.
This Article gives an overview how to develop an EN standard from scratch to publishing. It’s a high level point of view and some steps are excluded (if a prEN review must be repeated, because of a negative vote).
Initialising/ the idea
The idea to establish an EN standard is used to be proposed by a member of CEN, CENELEC, ETSI, the CEN itself, European or international organisations.
Members of CEN are e.g. DIN (DE), ÖNORM (AT), SN (CH), AFNOR (FR).
With the interest to participate by the national member bodies of CEN and a well funded financing, the proposal will be handed over to an existing committee or a new workgroup will be established to serve the new proposal.
The financing of the committee, a workgroup and the mirror board(s) will be done by the member bodies.
Drafting the standard
The workgroup creates a first draft and if it fits the demand it will be handed over to the national bodies for a review. The draft will be placed on a Document-Management-System (DMS). While discussing specific chapters/ technologies the workgroup leader or secretary can give a work package to an external consultant, to answer specific questions or describe the context from a neutral point of view.
Draft European Standard (prEN) When the draft has reached a sufficient level it will be handed over to the national members as a Draft European Standard (prEN) to be reviewed.This process is called Enquiry. The national members are called to conduct and put their feedback in the review-protocol. In the responsible mirrorboard the review will be discussed and the final review protocol will be handed over to the workgroup.
Draft European Standard for formal vote (FprEN)
On base of the feedback of the national members regarding prEN the workgroup creates the „Draft European Standard for formal vote (FprEN)“. This will be published on the CEN DMS in English, French and German.
The formal vote must receive a vast majority of at least 71% of a weighted vote of the national members of CEN/ CENELEC/ ETSI. After one month the FprEN is automatically ratified. Than the stable version of the standard goes to final translation at AFNOR, BSI and DIN and final publishing which takes again some weeks/ months.
The FprEN is an optional step and can be bypassed if the prEN reached the sufficient level for the final vote.
Publishing in the collection of standards A CEN standard will be published as a EN xxxxx. The CEN members could publish the international standards as national in their national collection of standards. Doing this the international standard will be added the member short name in the front: e.g. DIN EN xxxxx, ÖNORM EN xxxxx. By selling use licences of standards the CEN national members will finance partly their work for standards.
Maintenance Standards have to been reviewed all 5 years to make sure they're up to date, to modify them if necessary or withdraw them if they're not necessary any more (e.g. replaced by a new standard with a different scope).
After receiving its standard numbering (17128) it reached the state of a so called Draft European Standard (prEN). So the review processes will start soon and will end in publishing of the Draft European Standard for formal vote/ final draft (FprEN) or will be forwarded to the final vote directly (as a prEN), becoming the standard. The actual progress is shown in green. The last step "implementation in laws" needs in opposite to the drawing being parallelised.